Events in Seattle: The Stranger | NAAM | MOHAI
On the Web:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
The History Woman | Wikipedia
Black Birthday Monthly | Black History Month
Saturday, Friday 10, 2018 @ 5PM
B Building Community Room
Black History Celebration
Dinner and Program
Black History Celebration Video Playlist - Youtube
Black History Music Playlist - Youtube | List
On Youtube Video Playlist: Black History Celebration Feb-2018
- Jamilah I. provided leadership for the planning committee and emceed the event. Parts 01,02,08
- Delores D. read a poem by Maya Angelou - Still I Rise. Part 01
- Imam Benjamin Shabazz gave an historical perspective of racial struggles and achievements. Parts 03,04,05,06,07
As of 2/19/2018
3-D Special Effects -- Marc Hannah
3-D Viewing Glasses -- Kenneth J. Dunkley
Air Conditioning Unit -- Frederick McKinley Jones -- 1949
Almanac -- Benjamin Banneker -- 1791 -- https://www.thoughtco.com/benjamin-banneker-profile-1991360
Auto Cut-off Switch -- Granville T. Woods -- ?? -- https://www.thoughtco.com/granville-t-woods-1992675
Auto Fishing Device -- George Cook -- 1899
Automatic Gear Shift -- Richard Spikes -- 1932
Automatic Safety Brake System -- Richard Bowie Spikes -- 1962
Baby Buggy -- Willian H. Richardson -- 1889
Bed Rack Air Freshner for Clothes -- Henrietta Bradberry -- 1943
Bicycle Frame improvement -- Isaac Johnson
Billiard Cue Rack -- Richard Bowie Spikes -- 1910
Biscuit Cutter -- Alexander P. Ashbourne -- 1875
Blood and Plasma Bank -- Charles Drew
Blood Plasma Bag -- Charles Drew -- 1945
Bloodmobiles -- Charles Drew
Brake Testing Machine -- Richard Bowie Spikes -- ??
Burglar-proof cash register -- Otis Boykin
Call Waiting -- Dr. Shirley Jackson
Caller ID -- Dr. Shirley Jackson
Carbon Filament Light Bulb -- Lewis Latimer -- 1882
Chamber Commode -- Thomas Elkins -- 1897
Chemical air filters -- Otis Boykin
Closed-circuit television security system -- Marie Van Brittan Brown
Clothes Dryer -- George T. Sampson -- 1971
Curtain Rod -- Samuel R. Scottron -- 1892
Curtain Rod Support -- William S. Grant -- 1896
Door Knob -- Osbourn Dorsey -- 1878
Door Stop -- Osbourn Dorsey -- 1878
Dry Cleaning -- Thomas L. Jennings
Dust Pan --
Egg Beater -- Willie Johnson -- 1884
Electret Microphone -- Dr. James E. West
Elevator automatic doors -- Alexander Miles -- 1867
Eye Protector -- Powell Johnson -- 1880
Fiber-optic Cable -- Dr. Shirley Jackson
Fire Escape Ladder -- Joseph W. Winters -- 1878
Fire Extinguisher -- Thomas Marshall -- 1872
Folding Bed -- Leonard C. Bailey -- 1899
Folding Cabinet Bed -- Sarah E. Goode -- 1885
Folding Chair -- Nathaniel Alexander -- 1911
Fountain Pen -- Walter B. Purvis -- 1890
Fruit Press -- Madeline Turner -- 1916
Furniture Caster -- David A. Fisher -- 1878
Gas Mask -- Garrett Morgan -- 1914
Golf Tee -- George T. Grant -- 1899
Guitar -- Robert F. Fleming, Jr. -- 1886
Hair Brush, Easy Cleaning -- Lyda A. Newman -- 1898
Hand Stamp -- Walter B. Purvis -- 1883
Heating Furnace Regulator -- Alice H. Parker -- 1919
Hot Comb -- Walter Sammons
IBM Computers -- Otis Boykin
Ice Cream Scooper -- Alfred L. Cralle -- 1897
Illusion Transmitter -- Valerie Thomas -- 1980 -- LINK
Insect Destroyer Gun -- Alber C. Richardson -- 1899
Ironing Board -- Sarah Boone -- 1891 -- https://www.thoughtco.com/sarah-boone-inventor-4077332
ISA bus for portable computers -- Mark E. Dean
Key Chain -- Frederick J. Loudin -- 1894
Lantern -- Michael C. Harvey -- 1884
Laserphaco Probe for laser cataract surgery -- Dr. Patricia Bath
Lawn Sprinkler -- John H. Smith -- 1897
Lemon Squeezer -- John Thomas White -- 1896 -- LINK
Lingo Programming Language -- John Henry Thompson
Lock -- Washington A. Martin -- 1893
Lubricating Cup for Trains and Machines -- Elijah McCoy -- 1895
Lunch Pail -- James Robinson -- 1887
Mailbox, Protective -- Philip B. Downing -- 1891
Mathematical Models to explain gamma radiation -- Jesse Ernest Wilkins, Jr.
Modern Toilet -- Thomas Elkins
Mop -- Thomas W. Stewart -- 1893
Multiplex Railway Telegraph -- Granville T. Woods -- 1887 -- LINK
Nuclear-reactor physics Wilkins Effect -- Jesse Ernest Wilkins, Jr.
Open Heart Surgery pioneer -- Daniel Hale Williams
Pacemaker circuit improvements -- Otis Boykin
Pastry Fork -- Anna M. Mangin -- 1892
Peanut Butter + numerous peanut products -- George Washington Carver -- 1896
Pencil Sharpener -- John L. Love -- 1897
Permanent Wave Machine -- Marjorie Joyner -- 1928
Portable fax -- Dr. Shirley Jackson
Potato Chips -- George Crum (allegedly)
Record Player Arm -- Joseph H. Dickinson -- 19?? -- https://www.thoughtco.com/joseph-h-dickinson-4074067
Refrigeration System for Trucks -- Frederick McKinley Jones
Rolling Pin -- John W. Reed -- 1864
Sanitary Belt -- Mary and Mildred Davidson -- 1956
Shampoo Headrest -- Charles Orren Bailiff -- 1898
Shoe Lasting Machine reducing shoe labor costs -- Jan Matzeliger
Spark Plug -- Edmond Berger -- 1839
Steamboat Propeller For Shallow Waters -- Benjamin Montgomery (patent denied due to slave status)
Stethoscope -- Thomas A. Carrington -- 1876
Straightening Comb -- Madam C.J. Walker -- 1905
Street Sweeper -- Charles B. Brooks -- 1890
Super Computer -- Philip Emeagwali
Super Soaker -- Lonnie G. Johnson
Synthetic Chemistry pioneer -- Percy Julian
Thermoelectric Energy Converter -- Lonnie G. Johnson
Thermostat Control -- Frederick M. Jones -- 1960
Toilet-Tissue Holder -- Mary Davidson
Torpedo Firing Mechanism -- Henrietta Bradberry -- 1945
Touch-tone Telephone -- Dr. Shirley Jackson
Traffic Signal -- Garrett Morgan -- 1923
Tricycle -- Matthew A. Cherry -- 1886
Ultraviolet Camera/Spectograph used by NASA -- George Carruthers
Voice-over Internet protocol (VoIP) -- Marian R. Croak
Walker Carrier Attachment -- Mary Beatrice Davidson Kenner -- 1959 -- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mary_Beatrice_Davidson_Kenner
Walker Hair Care System -- Sarah Breedlove aka Madam C.J. Walker
Wigner-Wilkins spectrum -- Jesse Ernest Wilkins, Jr.
Recipe Name: Alice Berner's Cornbread
Source: Farmhouse Cookbook - page 367
Source Link: Amazon
1-1/2 Cups yellow cornmeal
2 Cups whole-wheat flour
4 teaspoons baking powder
1-1/4 teaspoons salt
4 large eggs, separated
3/4 Cup honey
1/4 Cup mild vegetable oil, such as Safflower
1-1/3 Cups milk
1. Preheat the oven to 425 deg F
2. Oil a 9x13 inch baking pan
3. Combine the dry ingredients in a large mixing bowl.
4. In a small bowl, mix together the egg yolks, honey, oil, and milk until thoroughly combined.
5. Make a well in the dry ingredients. Into it , gradually stir the liquid ingredients working quickly and gently into a batter.
6. Add a pinch of salt to egg whites, and beat them until they hold stiff peaks.
7. Gently fold egg whites into the batter.
8. Pour the batter into the prepared pan.
9. Bake until the cornbread is golden and springs back when lightly touched, about 20 – 30 minutes. Check at the 15 minute mark to see how it is progressing. It will cook from the outside in, so watch the middle to see when it is finished baking.
Submitted by Marty D. (on a card 2-10-2018)
Source: Junior League Centennial Cookbook - p.296 + Albany Cookbook
Source Link: Amazon
1 Cup yellow cornmeal, coarse grind
1/2 Teaspoon baking powder
1/2 Teaspoon salt
1/2 Teaspoon baking soda
3 Tablespoons solid vegetable shortening
1 Cup buttermilk
1 egg, slightly beaten
1. Preheat oven to 425 deg F.
2. Stir the dry ingredients together in a large bowl.
3. Place the shortening in an 8-inch cast-iron skillet and heat.
4. Add the buttermilk and egg to the dry ingredients and mix well.
5. Pour batter into the hot skillet.
6. Bake for 25 minutes
a) Cornbread may be frozen when baking is completed. This is good to do for making cornbread dressing.
b) Nothing takes the place of real iron skillets in real Southern cooking.
Submitted by Marty D. (on a card 2-10-2018)
Black History Resources
The History Makers
Women of Colour
Black in Time
African American History Month
The Black Past
10 AM to 2 PM - B Building
Black History Month
Bazaar and Exhibits
Shirley Chisholm, Eartha Kitt, Julia de Burgos,
Al Smith, and Arturo Alfonso Schomburg
Black History: Shirley Chisholm
November 30, 1924 – January 1, 2005
Shirley Anita St. Hill Chisholm was the first African American woman in Congress (1968) and the first woman and African American to seek the nomination for president of the United States from one of the two major political parties (1972). Her motto and title of her autobiography--Unbossed and Unbought—illustrated her outspoken advocacy for women and minorities during her seven terms in the U.S. House of Representatives.
Continue reading ...
Wikipedia: Shirley Chisholm
Trailer: Chisholm '72: Unbought & Unbossed
Jessica Amanda Salmonson
Conceived by rape, born on a cotton plantation, never certain who her father was, abandoned by her mother, abused as a child because she was "yaller" and was forced to live in the crawl space under the house with the cats.
She rose to become an internationally beloved singer, dancer, actor, and comedienne. She was an anti-war activist and member of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, who gained the wrath of President Johnson and was harassed for years by the FBI. A vocal advocate of LGBT rights.
Asked about her following from and affinity for the gay community, she said, "We're all rejected people, we know what it is to be refused, we know what it is to be oppressed, depressed, and then, accused, and I am very much cognizant of that feeling. Nothing in the world is more painful than rejection."
Eartha Kitt. SHE PERSISTED.
Wikipedia: Eartha Kitt
Julia de Burgos was a daughter of Puerto Rico; she was also a daughter of El Barrio. Along with the wave of Puerto Rican immigrants who came to New York in the 1940s and ’50s, she found a home in East Harlem. A mural, a cultural center, and a street with her name, among other signs of her presence in that part of the city, honor her legacy.
A teacher and writer, de Burgos made important declarations through her poetry. She was a feminist and an advocate for Puerto Rican independence. And at a time when the most brutal racial discrimination was the norm, she celebrated her blackness: Ay, ay, ay, I am black, pure black; kinky hair and Kaffir lips; and flat Mozambican nose.
Continue reading ...
"Río Grande de Loíza!... Great river. Great flood of tears... save those greater that come from the eyes of my soul for my enslaved people" Julia de Burgos, "El Rio Grande de Loiza"
"Farewell in Welfare Island"
By: Julia de Burgos
It has to be from here,
right this instance,
my cry into the world.
My cry that is no more mine,
but hers and his forever,
the comrades of my silence,
the phantoms of my grave.
Ebony Exposure: Al Smith’s documentary photography of Black life in Seattle on display at MOHAI
Walking into “Seattle on the Spot: The photographs of Al Smith,” one is transported into Smith’s world. The sound of Fats Waller singing “The Joint is Jumpin’” fills the space along with hundreds of photographs showcasing the vibrant social scene and everyday life of the Black community in the Central District (CD). The images include a couple dancing the jitterbug for a watchful crowd, a newly married couple beaming, and a child sitting on the shoulders of his father with the majestic Mount Rainier in the background.
MOHAI: Seattle on the Spot thru June 17, 2018
The History Makers